Parents' Observations of their Young Child's Music Behaviors
With the intent of understanding perceptions of early childhood music development, the purpose of this research is to examine parents’ observations of their young children’s music behaviors. The study is guided by the following research question: How do knowledge of Children’s Music Behavior Inventory (CMBI) (Valerio & Reynolds, 2015) and viewing informal music class video recordings influence parents’ perceptions and understanding of their three-year-old children’s music behaviors and development during a two-month period? Early childhood music development researchers and specialists theorized that parents may naturally begin to guide their child’s music development. They have also theorized that parents may not have an understanding of early childhood music development and therefore, may not have awareness of early music responses in young children. If parents have awareness of and knowledge of music responses demonstrated by very young children, they may be guided to understand how to encourage and foster their child’s music development and learning. By examining parents’ observations of their young children’s music behaviors in video recorded informal music classes with regard to Children’s Music Behavior Inventory (CMBI) we may develop a deeper knowledge of how parents observe, interpret, document, and support their young children’s early childhood music development and learning. Each week, I provide both unstructured and structured music guidance to children at a children’s development center (Gordon, 2013). During an eight-week period I will use multiple data sources including parent CMBI completion (three times at one-month intervals), parent think-aloud interviews of video-recorded music engagements, and an exit questionnaire. I will transcribe and code all data. Then, using epoche, I will examine all data for patterns and themes, and I will provide discussion and implications for this research and future research.
Julia C. Beck is a music development specialist in the field of early childhood and elementary music education. She received her B.M.E degree from Baldwin Wallace University in Berea, Ohio and her M.M.E degree from the University of South Carolina in Columbia, South Carolina. Beck has taught elementary music, early childhood music, early childhood community music classes, and college courses on early childhood music development. Beck is a member of National Association for Music in Education, Gordon Institute for Music Education, and American Orff-Schulwerk Association. She has completed professional training in Music Learning Theory and Orff-Schulwerk.